Current efforts have examined the genetic control of reducing sugar vs. sucrose accumulation in tomato fruit. An analysis conducted on the inheritance of fruit sugar type using populations derived from a L. esculentum x L. chmielewskii cross (Yelle et al. 1991) demonstrated significant deviation from models consistent with simple Mendelian inheritance. The distorted segregation noted in that study may be attributed to linkage between genes which influence sucrose accumulation and sterility in the derived plant materials. In a more recent study, tomato fruit sugar content was analyzed in F1, F2 and backcross populations derived from a cross of L. esculentum x L. hirsutum (Stommel and Haynes 1993). The observed segregation patterns for fruit sugar type in all populations are consistent with those expected for a single gene dominant for a high percentage of reducing sugar and clearly demonstrate monogenic inheritance for this character. For future reference, the symbol sucr is proposed to designate the gene conditioning tomato fruit sugar type. The results of this study also demonstrate that sucrose accumulation per se is not essential to transfer increased soluble solids levels from L. hirsutum. Factors independent of sucrose storage positively influenced soluble solids content in the populations developed. Fruit glucose/fructose ratios were shown to be inherited independently of fruit sugar type and were influenced by at least two pairs of alleles.
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